The Protocols of the Elders of Zion is a fraudulent antisemitic text purporting to describe a Jewish plan for achieving global domination. It was first published in Russia in 1903, translated into multiple languages, and disseminated internationally in the early part of the twentieth century. It was perpetuated as factual by Hitler, Henry Ford, and others, and is a key document in the history of anti-semitism.
The Prague Cemetery
A brief introduction to the Protocols is absolutely essential to any reader of The Prague Cemetery, which is essentially a fictional history of its creation. Check out Wikipedia
"Fictional Protocols" essay
Eco discussed the creation of the Protocols at length in an essay called "Fictional Protocols", which appeared in his Six Walks in the Fictional Woods (1994). In this essay, Eco summarizes the creation of the Protocols and the texts it was drawn from.
- Eco "laid out all of the historical background and literary antecedents in Fictional Protocols, one of the lectures collected in his critical volume Six Walks in the Fictional Woods; there, he claims that “the connections with Dumas and Sue…were my own discovery.” The same information can be found in Chapters 90 to 96 of Foucault’s Pendulum, and in Chapter 97 there is even a sketch of a “dime novel” in the style of a 19th century potboiler to be based on this theme." - Joshua Lustig, Open Letters Monthly
Will Eisner's The Plot
Eco also wrote the introduction to The Plot: The Secret Story of The Protocols of the Elders of Zion, a graphic novel by the great Will Eisner. Amazon
The Protocols appear numerous times in the text. Add more